Activities supporting the employment of persons with chronic diseases
dr hab. Joanna Bugajska, prof. CIOP-PIB , dr n. med. Elżbieta Łastowiecka-Moras
Chronic diseases are progressively limiting the functioning of persons suffering from them in everyday life, including work activity. They have a great impact on the ability to perform work, and thus the earnings. The etiology of chronic diseases is multifactorial. Occupational factors and lifestyle play an important role in their formation. Influencing these factors is one of the most important measures supporting the employment of people suffering from chronic diseases. The article discusses the main activities in promoting a healthy lifestyle and adjusting working conditions to the needs of people with osteoarthritis, selected diseases of the cardiovascular system (coronary artery disease and hypertension), and diabetes.
Systems for identifying falls from a height
dr inż. Marcin Jachowicz , dr inż. Grzegorz Owczarek
The article discusses two types of systems developed at CIOP-PIB, which enable the identification of human falls from a height. The operation of the first system is based on an accelerometric measuring system implemented in the hip belt, which is an element of the equipment protecting against falls from a height. The operation of the second system is based on the analysis of the recorded video. The methods and results of calibration and verification tests of both designed systems, which were used for the preliminary tests, were presented. During these tests, the participant performed specific exercises: sitting down and simulating falling. The comparison of the test results showed a high convergence between the values measured with the acceleration sensors and the values obtained on the basis of the image analysis. The described systems can therefore be used for fall identification and as initiators of devices for dynamic shortening of the fall path, which will reduce the forces acting on a person during restraining his fall from a height.