Opis Jednostki Instytutu

Laboratory of Static Electricity


The basis of the Laboratory's activities is research into air ionisation, electric properties of aerosols and electrostatic air filtration by Zygmunt Grabarczyk, Ph.D. During the initial period, the Laboratory’s activities were two-fold: research into the electrostatic properties of atmospheric aerosols was continued, and technical facilitation of research into electrostatic hazards at workplaces was commenced. At present, the main research area is the facilitation of anti-electrostatic protection and the assessment of risk of explosive atmosphere ignition by electrostatic discharges. Eight research and development projects have been carried out in the last 10 years, as well as several expert studies and research for domestic and foreign companies including Airbus.

The Laboratory participates in the work of Technical Committee no. 143 of the Polish Committee for Standardisation on Static Electricity, Technical Committee no. TC 101, Electrostatics, of the International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC), and in the management of the Polish Committee on Electrostatics SEP (with respect to electrostatic hazards). The Laboratory works on the application of computer methods to assess the risk of incendiary electrostatic discharges. The methods and instruments developed have been used to study potential increases of aerosol pollutants deposition in the human respiratory tract as a result of the electrostatic effect of electric charge attraction to conductive objects (the ‘effect of image forces’). They were used to test a hypothesis by British researchers regarding the potential carcinogenic impact of high-voltage power lines on the increase of aerosol pollutants deposition in the respiratory tract caused by their picking up static because of discharges between line cables. It has been proven that the increased concentration of charged particles is too low to cause a statistically significant increase in depositions.

Moreover, research was carried out into the average charge level of fresh industrial aerosols in order to assess the possibility of increasing aerosol deposition in the respiratory tract as a result of the electrostatic effect of ‘image forces’. The ineffectiveness of widely available electric tabletop air ionisers in air purification has been demonstrated. The measurements, calculations and literature analysis have shown that air ionisation (light aeroions dispersed in air) has no significant impact on human health.


Study the extent of electrostatic discharge from the surface of electrified dielectrics for explosion protection.
Project manager - Zygmunt Grabarczyk Ph.D. (Eng.)
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A method of estimating the risk of electrostatic discharge in work rooms
Project manager - Zygmunt Grabarczyk Ph.D. (Eng.)
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Development of a method and a measuring device for controlling the efficiency of technical means of anti-electrostatic protection in areas at potentially explosive atmospheres
Project manager - Zygmunt Grabarczyk Ph.D. (Eng.)
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  • Grabarczyk Z.: Exposure to electric field from frequency range 0–1 Hz, analysis of human body penetration, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2014, 90, 12 , s. 208-210
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Zagrożenie zapłonem atmosfer wybuchowych przez elektrostatyczne wyładowania ulotowe, Przemysł Chemiczny, 2014, 93, 2, s. 256-257
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Laboratory ignition of hydrogen and carbon disulphide in atmospheric air by positive corona discharge, Journal of Electrostatics, 2013, 71, s. 1041-1045
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Measurement of electric charge transferred by brush discharge from electrified dielectric or conducting surface – differences and potential source of error, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2013, 89, 12 , s. 314-316
  • Grabarczyk Z.J.: Propozycja metody oceny ekspozycji pracowników na pole elektrostatyczne , Bezpieczeństwo Pracy. Nauka i Praktyka, 2013, 9 (504) , s. 25-27
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Electrostatic potential of surface charge - error of the measurements made with electrostatic field mill voltmeter, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2012, 12b, s. 55-57
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Accuracy of the measurement of electric charge transferred during ESD with capacitive loaded discharge electrode, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2011, 12b, s. 57-59
  • Grabarczyk Z., Tarkowski P.: Radioelectronic methods for ESD detection and localization,, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2010, 12, s. 46-48
  • Karpowicz J., Grabarczyk Z.J. : Zagrożenia elektromagnetyczne i elektryczność statyczna , Bezpieczeństwo Pracy. Nauka i Praktyka, 2010, 5 (464) , s. 32-35
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Limitation of usage of the relaxation time of low-conducting materials for estimation of decay time of electrostatic charge, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2009, 12, s. 59-60
  • Grabarczyk Z., Kurczewska A.: Elektryczność Statyczna w Strefach Zagrożenia Wybuchem, CIOP-PIB, Warszawa, 2008
  • Grabarczyk Z.J.: The method of the measurement of mean value of the electric charge of aerosol particles 0.3 - 10 μm, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2008, 12b, s. 167-169
  • Grabarczyk Z.J.: Rozdz. 3.3. Zagrożenia elektrostatyczne, (W: Podstawy prewencji wypadkowej), (Pod red.: Zofia Pawłowska ), CIOP-PIB, Warszawa, 2008
  • Grabarczyk Z.J.: Depozycja naelektryzowanych cząsteczek aerozolu w drogach oddechowych, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2006, 12, s. 72-75
  • Grabarczyk Z., Berliński J.: Charging of atmosphere aerosols by AC HV power lines, Journal of Electrostatics, 2005, 63, s. 755-759
  • Grabarczyk Z., Bugajska J.: Lipoatrofia półkolista u pracowników biur, Bezpieczeństwo Pracy. Nauka i Praktyka, 2005, 9, s. 20-22
  • Grabarczyk Z.J.: Zagrożenia elektrostatyczne w środowisku pracy, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2005, 12b, s. 63-65
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Effectiveness of indoor air cleaning with corona ionizers, Journal of Electrostatics, 2001, 51-52, s. 278-283
  • Grabarczyk Z.: Frequency characteristic of an aspiration integrating small ion counter with a shielded collector, Journal of Electrostatics, 2001, 51-52, s. 284-289
  • Gryz K., Karpowicz J., Wincenciak S.: Ekspozycja pracowników na stałe i wolnozmienne pola magnetyczne - źródła i zasady oceny, (W: Materiały sesji naukowej wdrażającej i upowszechniającej wyniki zadań badawczych programu wieloletniego (b. SPR-1): Zagrożenia elektromagnetyczne - znowelizowane zasady oceny ekspozycji zawodowej), CIOP, Warszawa, 2001
  • Grabarczyk Z.J.: valuation of the resistance of aspiration small ion counter to noise current induced by large ions, Journal of Aerosol Science, 2000, 31, Supplement 1, s. 867-868
  • Grabarczyk Z.J.: Jonizacja powietrza w środowisku życia i pracy, CIOP, Warszawa, 2000
  • Wolska, A. Bugajska J., Drygała M., Najmiec A., Grabarczyk Z., Augustyńska D.: Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy na stanowiskach z komputerami. Poradnik pracodawcy., CIOP, Warszawa, 2000